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How to Take Care of Swords

Swords typically fall into either of two categories; stainless steel decorative wall-hangers or spring/high carbon steel functional swords. No matter what category your sword falls into, it is vital that it receives proper care and maintenance.

Maintenance includes basic cleaning and oiling procedures. A general rule of thumb suggests oiling once every month; if you live in a humid climate it might need to be done more often.


Functional or decorative swords require some form of protection from moisture and air; thus, a light layer of oil or wax should be applied, particularly when stored for prolonged periods. In humid climates or when in storage for long periods of time.

Ballistol is one of the more well-known products used for this, however there are other products which work just as effectively at more reasonable prices (especially when purchased in bulk or from local suppliers). If in doubt about which product to use I recommend speaking to staff at your nearest hobby store for their opinions.

Handling a sword with your bare hands leaves behind oils and salts which eat away at its metal, creating pits which lead to corrosion or tarnish. Therefore, gloves or cloth are recommended as the preferred means of touching it.

Oiling a sword will also help maintain its shape, something especially crucial when using it for functional purposes such as striking or cutting. When left too loosely secured to its blade during handling, warping or loosening may occur and eventually break or disintegrate upon impact or cut.

An application of light oil will prevent moisture from getting inside a scabbard or guard and leading to mildew or rot growth, protecting its leather wrappings from drying out and cracking prematurely.

Once again, this process depends on your climate and usage patterns of your sword. As a general guideline, oiling should take place once every month or more frequently depending on humidity conditions and your storage conditions. A general recommendation would be at least monthly oiling of its blade – this may need to be increased if stored for extended periods.

When applying oil or wax to a sword, take care not to get it inside its pommel, cross-guard, or other metal fittings as this could cause corrosion. Also be mindful not to over apply the product – a thin coat is all that’s necessary and a clean cloth should be used to wipe away any excess.


A sword can remain beautiful and functional by being regularly polished. Polishing not only adds shine, but is an integral step that helps prevent rust formation while protecting the metal against damage – maintaining this routine will help to ensure its edge stays sharp for as long as possible.

Before polishing a blade, any dirt and debris accumulated during use or storage must first be cleared away using either a soft cloth or cleaning pad, such as Scotch Brite Hand Pad. For stubborn stains that linger after cleaning has taken place, synthetic or steel wool may need to be used on stubborn spots to completely eliminate marks and grime from its surface. Once clean, apply a light coat of oil so as not to attract moisture and cause rusting of the blade.

Utilizing the appropriate oil is crucial, with so many varieties on the market and each offering their own set of advantages and disadvantages. 3-in-one oil is an ideal option, as it combines synthetic mineral-based technology with affordable pricing – perfect for affordable daily maintenance of all sorts! Other oils such as WD40 may also work, though be aware that its effect wears off quickly requiring frequent reapplication; thicker oils like gun oil will provide longer lasting protection and should therefore be chosen over thinner options like these.

Swords should be regularly oiled – at least once every month in temperate climates and more often in humid regions – along with their hilts, collars and leather sheaths to protect them against extreme temperatures and humidity that could cause them to expand, shrink or crack during changing seasons. Regular oiling also protects these materials against swelling up, drying out or cracking up over time.

Finding the appropriate wax or oil is also vital, with various products on the market each offering different advantages and disadvantages. It is recommended to avoid harsh chemicals or acidic products as these could damage both metal fittings and blades, while leather wax could help protect scabbards/sheaths from drying out and cracking over time.

Scabbard Care

It is vitally important when storing swords in their sheaths that humidity levels do not fall below 30% to prevent corrosion and rust from developing on them. Although temperature and humidity controlled display cases would be ideal, this is often not practical for collectors; so the use of humidifiers or dehumidifiers in the area where swords are being kept should help.

Scabbards must also be regularly oiled to protect them against rot. This should take place once every month at minimum in temperate climates; in very humid areas however it may need to be done weekly. A thicker gun oil such as Ballistol would be most suitable as it doesn’t evaporate quickly.

Wiping blades after polishing should always be done using a lint-free cloth, in one-directional strokes for best results. A soft toothbrush may also come in handy for reaching any small crevices that may exist between individual wires in a wire wrapped hilt or grooves on its surface.

Swords can generally be divided into two general classifications: stainless steel wall hangers and spring/high carbon steel functional swords. Wall hangers tend to feature more decorative features and can easily be cared for using furniture polish or window cleaner; on the other hand, functional swords require more dedication when it comes to maintenance.

Swords must remain dry at all times for maximum performance. Any contact with human skin will leave oil that erodes metal surfaces over time. Furthermore, fingerprints leave behind acid that eats away at hard, smooth steel surface layers – potentially ruining it completely!

After every use, a sword must be carefully sheathed after each session with special care taken to remove any rust that has formed in its scabbard using Mekugi-nuki tool and reoil as necessary. A piece of oiling paper or de-starched flannel folded 3cm by 6cm must then be dampened with fresh oil before patting it lightly across its blade surface before returning it to its scabbard.


Swords must be stored safely. An ideal storage option would be in a locked case that keeps children or anyone else who may accidentally come in contact with it from accessing it. A variety of personal safes and multiple sword storage solutions are readily available on the market today, from small models designed specifically to protect individual swords to those capable of accommodating several at the same time.

Swords can be dangerous weapons even when not sharp; any accidental contact can result in injuries ranging from cuts to broken bones. As such, keeping swords out of reach of children or anyone else who could harm themselves with them is vital if using them for reenactments or training with other sword enthusiasts. Luckily there are numerous inexpensive or even free options for sword storage online that you may find more suitable than safe storage options.

Keep specialized sword wax or oil on hand to help prevent its blade from rusting, which you can purchase from most hardware stores and may specialize in swords. This product will protect from moisture while also helping restore the shine on its sheath – so this investment may well save time in terms of maintenance costs that you use spend on playing online slot games on sites depicted over the!

The frequency with which you need to apply the sword’s wax or oil depends heavily on the climate in which you reside; so it is wise to inspect your sword regularly. In temperate zones, one application per month should suffice in maintaining its integrity while in areas with higher humidity levels it may need to be applied more frequently.

When purchasing a new sword, it’s essential that any dirt and grease applied by its manufacturer be removed. This can usually be accomplished by wiping down its blade with a damp cloth dampened with some rubbing alcohol (though be careful with plated swords as this could strip their plating).

Storing your swords in their sheaths may be beneficial, but be aware of potential for warping of leather and possible rusting of blade. Before returning them to its sheath, be sure to clean all parts thoroughly, including fittings such as handles. Additionally, hanging it from a koshirae mount rather than leaving it inside can reduce moisture accumulation which could potentially corrode its blade over time.